Among middle-aged people without heart disease, drinking up to 3 cups of coffee per day was associated with a lower risk of stroke or death over the next decade, along with better heart structure and function, in a study of nearly 500,000 participants.
Drinking no more than 3 cups of coffee per day was associated with a 21% lower risk of stroke, a 17% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease and a 12% lower risk of death from all causes, during an 11 year follow-up period.
Consuming more than 3 cups per day was associated with similar (not lower) rates of stroke, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality compared with non-drinkers.
This is the largest study to assess systematically the cardiovascular effects of regular coffee consumption in a population without diagnosed heart disease. Click here to read more.